Guppies are tropical freshwater fish. They are native to South America. The scientific name for the Guppy fish is Poecilia reticulata. There are more than 300 varieties in the Guppy family. They all come with their distinct physical features such as the tail, size, and color. Here, in this Guppy care guide, you will get a comprehensive idea about their lifespan, breeding, habitat, food, etc.
Table Of Content
- 1 10. Who is the Guppy?
- 2 09. Accessible places to breed guppies
- 3 08. Tank requirements – Guppy water parameters
- 4 06. Tank mates
- 5 05. Feeding Guppies
- 6 04. Identifying males and females
- 7 02. Common diseases in Guppies
- 8 01. Guppy lifespan is a must-know fact when you are keen on Guppy care!
10. Who is the Guppy?
Guppies are a peaceful species of fish. Therefore, you can breed another species along with them. They are native to the Northside of the Amazon River in South America. Female guppies are about 1.5 inches long while males are 1.2 inches. They are super easy to keep.
09. Accessible places to breed guppies
You do not need expensive, large fish tanks for guppies. Here are some of the places you can use:
- Cement bowl
- Glass tank
- Fiber tub
- Cement pond
- Cement tank
- Plastic barrel
- Old bathtub
08. Tank requirements – Guppy water parameters
You will require at least 5 gallons of water capacity for three pairs of guppies. You should always remember that the bigger the tank is, the better it is for the fish. Even though the temperature limits exceed, guppy fish are not harmed by it. But the ideal temperature should be between 21°C to 25°C. The hardness of the water should be 100 mg for one liter, and the pH value should be between 6.5 and 7.5. It is essential to have pulp trees in the tank because, through them, the ammonia percentage in the tank reduces. You can also provide a more natural environment for the fish, and give space for females to hide their young.
07. Filters to use in a Guppy tank
You do not necessarily have to have a filter or oxygen pump in your tank. You can breed guppies without them. When selecting filters, make sure NOT to get a Power Head filter for the tank. Because of the pressure it has, it will be a nuisance to the fish. If you want to use a filter in the tank, use an Overhead Filter that you can fix on top of the tank. Or else, you can use a sponge filter that you can attach to your oxygen pump. A gravel filter is the most suitable for a guppy tank.
06. Tank mates
When selecting tank mates for guppies, you have to go with small fish species. Some of the tank mates you can choose are Platy, Molly, Sword-Tail, Cory Cat Fish, and Dwarf Gurami.
Important tip: Make sure to put in healthy tank mates for guppies as their diseases can pass on to guppies in the tank.
Extra tip: Read my Guppy tank mates Article for more information on tank mates.
05. Feeding Guppies
Guppies are ideal for those who are new to breeding fish. Compared to other aquarium fish species, Guppies are very easy to feed. They consume almost any kind of fish food that fits in their mouth. Feeding them twice a day is more than sufficient. It is utterly vital that you feed them food that they can finish eating within two minutes of time. Doing so, you can prevent the tank from getting dirty and food from wasting. Some of the Guppy food you can give are the apex, blood worms, and mosquitoes.
Important tip: One of the best ways to avoid mosquito larva from being spread is by keeping Guppies in your pond. Guppies can stay without food for 6 to 8 days. Therefore, you do not have to worry about your short trip.
Extra tip: You can get more information on their food from my Guppy Food Article.
04. Identifying males and females
Unlike other species of fish, you can easily identify male Guppies and females. Female Guppies are not as colorful, and they have a shorter tail with larger bodies. Male Guppies are relatively smaller than females, and they have a very colorful tail with smaller bodies. You can easily identify the gender difference from the picture below.
03. Guppy Breeding
Guppies breed extremely fast, most of the time, without any input from you. The female Guppies breed the fish inside them in an egg. The male Guppy makes a quick contact with a female Guppy that is not pregnant and passes a package of sperms into the female. Male Guppies can identify pregnant Guppies, and they quickly search for the ones that are not pregnant. From one fertilization, the female Guppy can have multiple pregnancies over time. They breed every 3 to 4 months.
Important Guppy care tip: You have to make places for the baby guppies to stay until they are big enough. Female Guppies usually hide their young. And you should make sure your tank has these places. Some of the things you can use are Waterthymes, pieces of wood, or seashells.
Extra tip: If you are keen about breeding Guppies, go through my Guppy Breeding Article to get more information.
02. Common diseases in Guppies
Guppies are generally a healthy species of fish. If at all they get sick, below are some of the common diseases among them:
- White spots
- Swim Bladder
- Fin rot
01. Guppy lifespan is a must-know fact when you are keen on Guppy care!
The average lifespan of a Guppy fish is between 1 and 3 years. We rarely find this species that can live up to 5 years. One of the most crucial things about caring for Guppy fish is, you might be the only owner or guardian/ companion the fish get in its entire lifetime. Therefore, you must pay the utmost attention and take care of it. They are beautiful, innocent, and colorful species of fish. If you intend to have them, you have to dedicate a tiny bit of your daily schedule to be with them.
Final tip: You have to take good care of the take that they live in. They breed in a swift manner and bring a colorful lot of fish to you.
Finally; we firmly believe that now you have a comprehensive idea regarding Guppy care by going through the above guide. Stay tuned with us for more Guppy stories in the future!